An integral part of the Pelvic examination during a well woman exam involves ultrasound imaging.
Obstetric ultrasound is performed to assess your baby’s heartbeat and anatomy. Measurements taken during this test can help determine the gestational age, size, and growth of your baby. A complete ultrasound is typically performed when your pregnancy is at least 18 weeks. This exam is a comprehensive look at your baby’s skeletal structure and organs.
Pelvic ultrasound is used to evaluate the ovaries, uterus, cervix, and bladder. It can be ordered following pelvic pain, abdominal bleeding, or menstrual concerns. It is used to help diagnose fibroids, cysts, and ovarian and uterine cancers.
Breast ultrasound is used to help diagnose breast abnormalities seen on mammography or felt during an examination. It is typically ordered following a mammogram or to assess a lump or focal pain.
Thyroid ultrasound is often performed for an enlarged thyroid, abnormal thyroid enzymes, or an abnormality seen on another imaging modality.
Osteoporosis is a disease that is characterized by a decrease in bone mass and density. The decrease in bone mass leads to an increase in the risk of fractures.
Osteoporosis is a debilitating bone loss condition that affects one in three women after menopause.
Although osteoporosis typically affects women, men can also develop bone loss. For women, a baseline scan is usually recommended at age 50 or following menopause. Preceding scans are typically ordered every 2 years.
Even though osteoporosis affects different ages and ethnicity, there are a few factors that make people more susceptible to developing the bone disease.
Your risk for osteoporosis is higher if you:
The main goal of treatment will be to prevent fractures and breaks. In addition to recommending a proper diet rich in calcium, the doctor may prescribe medication.
The following is not a list of all medication options, but simply the most commonly used:
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